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How Much Waste Can You Reduce By Recycling?
Reduce - reduce your waste by choosing fresh food carefully, noting the sell-by dates, and being aware of the amount of packaging around any goods you are purchasing. Reuse - Plastic shopping bags are a good example, reuse both for shopping and lining your kitchen garbage can. Recycle - Sort your recyclables and use your curbside collection box, new blue bins, or get them to a recycling center. Depending on where you live and your country's policy on recycling, domestic waste is what we throw away in the rubbish bin, which usually gets tipped at the nearest landfill site or incinerated. Most countries have recycling schemes; here in the UK policy is governed EEC Rules and Guidelines. In the rest of the world, most countries are intent on recycling as much of their rubbish as possible through various recycling initiatives. The following sections examine domestic recycling, and the different methods used.
Also from available data, produce a table showing waste and recycling tonnage figures in different parts of the world. The first section briefly examines the different materials that can be recycled through curbside collection boxes, special collection bins and points, sorting and reprocessing. In doing so hopefully we shall demonstrate how much waste we can reduce by recycling. This pickup of common recyclables are available in most metropolitan areas. All paper except; Yellow Pages Phone Directory (too much bleach required to remove yellow stain) and shredded paper. I shred all personal mail - bank, medical etc, so I can put the shredded paper on the compost bin instead. Plastic bottles; but not the lids - these are produced from a different grade of plastic and would not mix with the bottle plastic material. You will find these large circular color coded bins sited at strategic points locally dotted around the town and at usually at supermarkets. These are a new addition to local recycling, so not all countries have these facilities. A spread sheet and bar chart showing statistics for recycling and composting household waste per country are shown below, that I complied from the latest data available.
Every region normally has its own central sorting center. Here operators have the unenviable task of sorting the materials ready to be picked up by the recycling companies for reprocessing. Ferrous and Non-ferrous Metals - smelted back to steel and aluminum for reuse (aluminum smelting from the ore bauxite is one of the most electrical energy consuming processes, so aluminum cans recycling is a great energy saver). Paper and Cardboard - reprocessed into newspaper, toilet tissue, or greeting cards. Textiles - charity and relief agencies such as Salvation Army and Save the Children get first crack at these items which will be washed and earmarked for the needy. The rest goes for shredding and used for fillings for items such as cushions and soft toys. Car 12V Batteries - acid and lead is recycled. So just how much waste can you reduce by recycling? Well, as we have seen every effort is being made to encourage us to recycle through the different schemes. We have also looked at the goods which can be produced from the processed recycled materials. It is difficult to quantify the amount of waste we actually reduce by recycling, but I have made a table showing the overall waste produced and total recycled in some parts of the world as an idea. 34% of the 3 million tonnes waste recycled, over 1 million tonnes of waste being reduced by recycling.
They want somewhere dark, dry and comfortable. Above all they want to be left alone and undisturbed. The cubbing den should be set up at least two weeks before the earliest possible parturition date. Instructions should be issued that no-one other than the routine keeper should approach that area and even they should keep visits to the basic minimum. Entering the cubbing den itself should not actually happen. Food and water should be placed elsewhere so the Dam can go to this herself. The only way anyone should know what is happening in that den is if an infra red camera has been set up. Cleaning must be forgotten. Don't worry about the smell of ammonia or rotting uneaten meat. It may be distasteful to humans but your average big cat does not care. Her most important, critical requirement is not being disturbed. This is an interesting thread. I was sitting down to watch a cutsie programme on the television about Sumatran lion cubs being hand reared, having been removed from their mother, Caitlyn, at Australia zoo.
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